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Biomass Designs

 

Fuel Briquette Press, Molds, Chopper, Grinder, Composter & more.

Parts List, Notes & Drawings.

Most designs are in both English and metric dimensions.
 

 

Micro Compound Lever Biomass Briquette Press
Two versions, Brace or Notch, this small press is suggested for single-family use, classroom demonstrations, or a small village  where a small footprint and easy to build press using hand tools are required.

North American lumber standard  1½" x 3½" (38 mm x 89 mm)
MICRO COMPOUND LEVER PRESS FOR BIOMASS FUEL BRIQUETTES
Micro Compound Lever Press
North American lumber standard 1½" x 3½" (38 mm x 89 mm)
2 Meg, PDF, English & Metric

Free SPANISH  manuals to build things that provide developing countries access to cheap energy, helps to save water, build sustainably and reduce waste.See the Spanish translated version here and the introduction here by Miguel Bajatet

Video describing the three Biomass Briquette Presses

Get the Biomass Briquette Mold Drawings and Assembly Compendium
Easy BioMold  ̶  Your Choice

See the engineering for CHANGE article "How to make a fuel briquette press"


  Biomass Fuel Briquette Formulations
-Micro Compound Lever Press 40mm X 100mm Lumber size

Micro Compound Lever Press
40 mm x 100 mm lumber size
1.3 Meg, PDF, Metric

Brace version only

Biomass Fuel Briquette FormulationsBiomass Fuel Briquette Formulations
Photo courtesy Legacy Foundation

 

Feasibility of Biomass Fuel Briquettes from Banana Plant Waste  by: Lee Hite & Dr. Zan Smith

Feasibility of Biomass Fuel Briquettes from Banana Plant Waste  by: Lee Hite & Dr. Zan SmithFeasibility of Biomass Fuel Briquettes from Banana Plant Waste 

       2.7 Meg, PDF By Lee Hite & Dr. Zan Smith

Producing Fuel Briquettes from Sugarcane Waste PDF 600 K
by: Chesta Tiwari
Mechanical Engineering Department
University of Sheffield

Development of Rice Husk Briquettes for Use as a Fuel  PDF 80 K
D. B. Yahaya and T. G. Ibrahim
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Bayero University, Kano

Additional briquetting info below

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Biomass Molds Compendium Easy BiomoldsBiomass Molds Compendium
Biomass Briquette Mold Drawings and Assembly Compendium English & Metric, PDF  3.5 Meg
 
This document is about “Choices”. Briquetting for any operation requires a biomass mold of one type or another, whether it’s a small village, single family, or classroom operation. You have “choices” and there are no wrong or right, best or worst, good or bad molds for making biomass briquettes.

A variety of molds will work equally well and one type may be best suited for you depending on the availability of construction materials, tools, cost, skill level, and briquetting requirements. This document provides choices to consider when selecting a biomass mold design.

Molds for shaping biomass into round, square, sticks, cubes & chunks. Drilled, slotted, and split PVC molds along with slotted wood as an alternate to PVC. Two caulking gun presses, split plunger pistons and more.

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Dry Biomass Grinder Thrasher  Dry Biomass Grinder Thrasher
Easy BioGrind, Measured Drawing & Instructions   2.5 Meg PDF

Video describing the Easy BioGrind Dry Biomass Grinder Thrasher

University of Nottingham uses the press and grinder for Kenya project; See http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/etc/news-SIFEKenya.php

The Easy BioGrind© biomass grinder was designed to grind dry biomass and to accomplish a number of goals. The objectives were the flexibility to grind a wide variety of dry biomasses, low-cost, easy to build using mostly hand tools, easy to operate, easy to maintain and require no welding.

The grinding process is accomplished by rotating a concrete grinding head with its aggregate exposed against a matching concrete grinding cup with its aggregate exposed, and introducing biomass in between the two surfaces. The grinding cup is supported with two degrees of freedom in order to absorb the movement from an out-of-round grinding head or the accidental introduction of small stones or stick into the grinding space. The grinding head is easily rotated using a hand crank at a slow speed (under 90 rpm). The unit can be powered from a bicycle, a foot powered treadle, a gasoline motor or an electric motor. Grinding pressure is easily adjusted by the weight of a few rocks in a pail.

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Wet/Dry Biomass Chopper-Cutter Easy BioChop Wet-Dry Biomass Chopper / Cutter
Easy BioChop Measured Drawings & Instructions
600K PDF


Video describing the Easy BioChop Wet-Dry Biomass Chopper Cutter

Video test cutting prairie grass for a biogas project at the Cincinnati Zoo

The Easy BioChop© biomass chopper / cutter was designed to cut both wet and dry biomass and to accomplish a number of goals. The objectives were low-cost, easy to build using mostly hand tools, easy to operate, easy to maintain and require no welding. The unit runs efficiently at a low crank speed and can be easily operated by women or children.

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  DIY Biomass Composer ― Rotatable & Portable

Using either a plastic or steel drum you can easily fabricate a barrel composter for the aeration
of biomass that is both rotatable and portable.

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LARGE COMPOUND LEVER PRESS FOR BIOMASS FUEL BRIQUETTES  Large Compound-Lever Biomass Briquette Press
Measured Drawing English Inches  340K PDF

This is the traditional large compound lever press used all over the world, and works with molds diameters from 3 inch to 6 inch.  Mold designs have greatly improved since the original design of this press and we suggest downloading:

Easy BioMold  ̶  Your Choice We now have a better method for making a square briquette using a wood mold.

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SMALL SINGLE LEVER PRESS FOR SQUARE BIOMASS FUEL BRIQUETTES Small Single Lever Biomass Briquette Press (Square Mold)
Measured Drawing English  570K PDF
If PVC is not available or expensive in your area then the 3 inch square wood mold could be an alternate.

 

Mold designs have greatly improved since the original design of this press and we suggest downloading: Easy BioMold  ̶  Your Choice We now have a better method for making a square briquette using a wood mold.

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SMALL SINGLE LEVER PRESS FOR ROUND BIOMASS FUEL BRIQUETTES Small Single-Lever Biomass Briquette Press
Suggested for use as a classroom demonstration briquetting  press or where construction resources are limited

Measured Drawing English  880K  PDF

Mold designs have greatly improved since the original design of this press and we suggest downloading: Easy BioMold  ̶  Your Choice

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LARGE SINGLE-LEVER BIOMASS BRIQUETTE PRESSLarge Single-Lever Biomass Briquette Press

If the large compound lever press is inappropriate for your needs then a large single lever press might work in your area. Includes removal jig.

Measured Drawing English  400K PDF

Mold designs have greatly improved since the original design of this press and we suggest downloading: Easy BioMold  ̶  Your Choice
 

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CAULKING GUN BRIQUETTE PRESS BY ZAN SMITH

  Caulk Gun Briquette Experiment  by: Dr. Zan Smith
Good for classroom demonstrations, formulation testing or small production runs.

See the updated version for this press in: Easy BioMold  ̶  Your Choice

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See the Stack-fed, Heat Exchanger, Biomass Briquette Stove
by: Harold Westerich, Redwood City, CA

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Biomass Videos
Micro Compound Lever Biomass Press - Easy BioPress
 
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Biomass Grinder Thrasher  - Easy BioGrind

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Biomass Chopper - Easy BioChop

 
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Split-Mold Testing

 
 

Micro Compound lever press adapted by other organizations

Homemade Cheese Press using the Micro Compound Lever Press    Homemade Cheese Press using the Micro Compound Lever Press

 

 

Adaptable as a Cheese Press as described by this thread on the CheeseForum.org
Cheese Press at the CheeseForum.org

 

 CEB Compressed Earth Block/Brick Press on Permies.ComPermies.com

 

 

 

Adaptable as a Compressed Earth Block/Brick Press (CEB) as described by Amedean Messan in this thread on Permies.com

Additional organizations that have built the presses:

Joshua (Jed) Guinto from Philippines    Pix-1Pix 2,    Video for Jed Guinto and Coastal Core SorsogonHaiti Reconstruction,  ATN Rwanda,   Instructables,  Genereigh, Financiaurul,     Permies.com,    University of Nottingham uses Press and Grinder for Kenya project

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New to Biomass Briquetting?

Briquetting Manuals by The Legacy foundationIf you have not read the briquetting instructions available at the Legacy foundation, I highly recommend reading them thoroughly prior to starting a briquetting operation. They also have several biomass briquette presses made from metal.  See them HERE

The Legacy Foundation provides training, technology and media services for biomass fuel briquette production, environmental conservation and income generation throughout the world. They have a number of excellent manuals on briquetting. Visit them HERE  

Calorific Value Of Raw Materials

 

Calorific Value Of Fuel Materials

Raw Materials KCal / Kg   Raw Materials KCal / Kg
Bagasse (sugar Cane) 4,200   Arhar Stalk 4,000
Bamboo Dust 3,700   White Coal Briquette 4,000
Bark (wood) 3,900   Char Coal 6,000
Castor Seed Shell 4,000   Coal Grade 'B' 5,000
Coffee Husk 4,200   Coal Grade 'C' 4,000
Coir Pitch 4,000   Diesel 9,400
Cotton Stalk 3,800   Fire Wood 3,300
Ground Nut Shell 4,000   Heavy Furnace Oil 9,900
Jute Waste 4,500   Kerosene 8,900
Maize Stalks 3,800   Lpg 9,400
Mustard Husk 4,500   Saw Dust 4,000
Pine Needles 4,000   Sugar Cane Trash 3,500
Rice Husk 3,500   Sugar Mill Waste 3,300
Rice Straw 3,500   Wheat Straw 3,700
Sar Khanda Grass 3,700      

Source www.biomassbriquetting.com/briquetting-plant-india.php

Additional Fuel Briquetting Info

Also see the Multilingual Metric Converter at Metric-Conversions.org

 The Briquetting of Agricultural Waste for Fuel  PDF 515K 

 Biomass Briquettes Turning Waste Into Energy   PDF 235K

 Biomass Briquetting Technology and Practices FAO   PDF 225K

 

Stack-fed, Heat Exchanging,
Biomass Briquette Stove

by: Harold Westerich, Redwood City, CA

 

 

How to make briquettes without a press  
by: Joyce Lockard rj.lockard@frontier.com
Fuel Briquette Team, Beaverton Rotary Club in OR, USA 
pdf 1.8 Meg

 

Fuel Briquette Training Program . from Village Volunteers

Biomass Densification for Energy Production   PDF Version

Briquetting & Stoves Groups:
Fuel Briquetting Group    Biomass Stoves Group

TChar Technology for Cookstoves
by Paul; Anderson, Christa Roth & Robert Fairchild

Calculators
Metric-Conversions.org  (Multilingual)

Free SPANISH  manuals to build things that provide developing countries access to cheap energy, helps to save water, build sustainably and reduce waste. with many free SPANISH  manuals to build things that provide developing countries access to cheap energy, helps to save water, build sustainability and reduce waste.

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 OTHER VIDEOS

Briquetting Video by The Legacy Foundation     Briquette Ratchet Press by The Legacy Foundation

We provide designs on this web site as "open source" but we do ask that credit and a link be provided back to this site. Thank you.

Leland Hite (Lee) K8CLI
www.home.fuse.net/engineering 
All Rights Reserved 1996/2014