Greater Emanuel Apostolic Temple

Sunday School Lesson Commentary
July 30, 2000
Golden Text: Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the
               power of his might.--- Ephesians 6:10
Scripture Text: Ephesians 6:10-24

Eph 6:10  Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might.
Eph 6:11  Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.
Eph 6:12  For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.
Eph 6:13  Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.
Eph 6:14  Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness;
Eph 6:15  And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace;
Eph 6:16  Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked.
Eph 6:17  And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:
Eph 6:18  Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;
Eph 6:19  And for me, that utterance may be given unto me, that I may open my mouth boldly, to make known the mystery of the gospel,
Eph 6:20  For which I am an ambassador in bonds: that therein I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak.
Eph 6:21  But that ye also may know my affairs, and how I do, Tychicus, a beloved brother and faithful minister in the Lord, shall make known to you all things:
Eph 6:22  Whom I have sent unto you for the same purpose, that ye might know our affairs, and that he might comfort your hearts.
Eph 6:23  Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
Eph 6:24  Grace be with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. Amen.


Paul knew that we must have spiritual strength and courage in order to be victorious over the on slots of the devil coming against us.  While in the Roman prison, Paul saw how the Roman army prepared for battle.  At that time the Roman army was the greatest army in the known world.  He saw how they prepared themselves and the armor they used.  As Paul watched this great army prepare to battle against their physical enemies, the wisdom of God showed him how believers must prepare for battle against their spiritual enemies.

The Roman army was well equipped and every man had his full issue of armor.   Each soldier had a breastplate that was made of bands of metal that was wrapped around his chest and back to protect his chest and vital organs from injury.  Each man was given a shield that he could use during the heat of battle to ward off the arrows and stones of the enemy.  He had a helmet on his head which surrounded the head to protect it from harmful blows.  His offensive weapon was a short two edged sword that could cut when swung to the left or to the right.  On his feet he wore battle sandals which were made of thick leather and metal to protect his feet because an army travels on its feet.  Each man in this army was well trained and knew the battle maneuvers that brought them victory time after time.

Knowing that every believer is in a daily battle to protect his soul, Paul used the natural to explain what we needed to do in the spiritual.  Therefore, he tells us that we must put on the whole armor of God in order to stand against the wiles of the devil

Put On the Whole Armor of God.  (Ephesians 6:10-17)

Golden Text.  (Ephesians 6:10)

"Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord",(vs. 10).  Paul has now laid before the saints all of the great doctrines of the gospel.  With this knowledge that Paul has shared with the church, he now says that we can take a position of strength and confidence in the Lord.  We can be strong because we are filled with the power of the Holy Ghost with in us.  In his personal confidence in Christ, Paul told the believers at Philippi, "I can do all things through Christ which strengthened me",(Phil 4:13).

The child of God must realized that he can't depend upon his own strength because our personal strength is frail and weak and will always give out on us.  We must depend upon the supernatural strength of God to bring us success or victory.  Paul told the Roman believers, "For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek",(Rom 1:16).

"Put on the whole armor of God",(vs. 11).  The enemy of believers is the devil and his wiles.  The devil uses his schemes, deceptions, trickery and craftiness to try and destroy the testimony of the believer.  Therefore, to overcome these attacks, Paul tells the believer that it is his personal responsibility to "put on the whole armor of God".  The complete armor must be put on because if it isn't there will be an open spot in his protection that will be open to the attacks of the devil.  We can only stand firm against the devil when we are fully protected by the whole armor of God.

"For we wrestle not against flesh and blood",(vs. 12).   Paul first describes our opposition or enemy as not being "flesh and blood" or warfare against the natural man.  Our war is "against principalities" who are the chief rulers and beings of the first rank in Satan's kingdom.  We battle against these demonic heavenly "powers" whose plan is to capture the souls of those who belong to God, Satan already has the souls of the sinner.  "The rulers of darkness" come against us and they are the spiritual demonic rulers of darkness.  And "spiritual wickedness in high places", these are the false teachers in positions of authority whose evil spirits work to corrupt the teachings of the gospel.  The believer is in a spiritual battle in which he must use the whole armor of God to be victorious.  We can't see our spiritual enemies but the spiritual armor of God will seek them out and destroy them.

"Wherefore, take unto you the whole armor of God",(vs. 13).  The believer must first take the responsibility to put on the whole armor of God.  We must wear the full issue of God's spiritual armor in order to stand up against Satan's demonic powers.  With God's armor we will be able to stand in the "evil day" which is everyday of our life because the devil's attack in consistent.

"Stand having your loins girt about with truth",(vs. 14).  As the natural soldier girded himself the believer must do likewise in the spirit.  The soldier would takes his loose under garments and pull them up tightly between his legs and tuck them in his waste band.  During battle this would enable him to move easily and would provide protection to his loins or private parts. The O.T. says,"And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins",(Isa 11:5).  The loins are the seat of power and our seat of power must contain the truth of the gospel.  Peter said, "Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day. Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne";(Acts 2:29-30).

"Put on the breastplate of righteousness",(vs. 14).  This equipment was made of bands of metal and leather and it was wrapped around the chest and back of the soldier to protect his heart and other vital organs.  We must wear God's breastplate to protect our heart from the deceptions of the devil.  The believer must keep a pure and clean heart because, "Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God",(Mat 5:8).  The breastplate of righteousness points to our justification, our following the principals of righteousness, a life of holiness and a heart dedicated to the Lord these are only a few of the areas of righteousness protected by God's breast plate.

"And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace";(vs. 15).  A army travels on its feet, therefore, the feet must be protected also.  If the feet are injured, the soldier can't run or walk, or stand and fight his enemy or even pursue a defeated enemy for capture.  The shod was a brazen sandal that covered the foot and the lower leg for protection.  The saint must shod his feet with the preparation of the gospel.  There are many interpretations of this verse that give it a very understand-
able meanings.

However when I think of "preparation" it had an old meaning of being a medicine.  We are to carry the gospel which is the medicine for the sin sick souls of dying men.
Jesus said, "And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand.  Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received, freely give",(Mat 10:7-8).  The preaching of the gospel will establish peace between God and man and man with man.

"Above all, taking the shield of faith",(vs. 16).  The Roman soldier's shield was his most important defensive and protective weapon.  The shield was use to repel the arrows, spears and stones thrown at him by the enemy.  The saints of God have a "shield of faith" because first of all without faith it is impossible to please God.  It is the works of grace and faith that saved us.  Our faith protects us from the hellish attacks of the devil.  When lies, false doctrines, deceptions, and unbelief etc. are thrown at us, it is our faith in God the shields us from harm.

"Take the helmet of salvation",(vs. 17).  The Roman soldier's helmet protected his head from serious injury.  The brain controls all of the functions of the body and if a soldier's head is injured he will lose his ability to fight.  The helmet of salvation protects the mind of the believer and prevents the invasion of the evil thoughts of the devil from taking over or controlling the believer Paul said, "But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation",(1 Th 5:8).

"The sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God",(vs. 17).  The sword of the Roman soldier was his offensive weapon.  It was short and two-edged and when swung it would cut to the left and to the right.  It was a deadly weapon, perfect for close combat.  We carry the most powerful weapon on earth which is the word of God.  The Hebrew writer said, "For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart",(Heb 4:12).  If a person is in sin, the preached word of God will cut them and if they repent it will bring them to the salvation of God. The word not only cuts but it heals and comforts the child of God.

Paul's Final Words of Encouragement. (Ephesians 6:18-24)
"Praying always with all prayer",(vs. 18).  The child of God needs his protective armor of spiritual warfare but only through prayer can we be firmly established.
Prayer builds our spiritual foundation that will enable us to stand firm against the attacks of Satan.  Our praying must be consistent and unfailing.  Prayer helps us resist those principalities, powers and rulers of darkness of this world. We also must also watch and pray to prevent the enemy from creeping up on us.

"That the utterance may be given unto me",(vs. 19)--"For I am an ambassador in bonds",(vs. 20).  Paul speaks his request before the saints.  He is asking the Lord to bless or anoint him with the ability to speak the truth of the gospel with boldness before the people.  He wants to be able to reveal the mystery of the gospel which has be hidden for thousands of years.  He is the representative (ambassador) of Christ even though he is in prison.  He wants to be able to reveal the mystery of Christ with boldness.

In verses 21-24, Paul closes this letter to the Ephesians.  He tells them that he will send Tychicus to tell them how he is doing.  Tychicus will bring them words of comfort concerning his affairs.  He declares peace. love and faith from God upon them.  And that the grace of God will be with them all.


This lesson encourages us and tells us that we have the responsibility to put on the whole armor of God.  The child of God must be dressed in truth, righteousness, the gospel of peace, faith and salvation.  He also must carry and preach the word of God.


Adam Clarke's Commentaries
Vincent's Word Studies
Bible Study Notes: by Henry, Ryrie, Believer's

By:  Eld. H. Watson